Posts tagged “soup

Smoked Yellow Tomato Soup

Sometimes, inspiration strikes… from the most unlikely places. I needed to make soup, and I was wandering around the various parts of the kitchen looking for things to use. In dry storage I ran across some apple wood chips that we use to smoke things sometimes. Then in the cooler I saw a bunch of yellow tomatoes that we needed to use really soon. So, I started thinking, “What if I smoked the tomatoes?”

When I started making this soup that was really all I had for an idea. I had no idea how long it would take to get a decent smoke flavor into the tomatoes, and no idea how I was going to season it once I was ready to put the whole thing together. It all worked out quite nicely, through a series of accidents, and correcting them!

Step one, deal with the tomatoes. There are a couple of things that you will have to do with this, but none of them are particularly difficult. First, quarter the tomatoes, and cut out the little place where the stem attached. Then squeeze the quarters to get rid of the seeds. All of the flesh parts of the tomatoes are going to get smoked. I seasoned them with salt and pepper and a little olive oil. Get your smoker set up. At work I use a deep hotel pan to hold the soaked wood chips and a perforated hotel pan to hold the smokee. Then I just cover the whole thing with foil. Simple, and having an exhaust fan keeps it from getting smoky inside! I have a stovetop smoker I use frequently at home, and it works well.  I think I had the tomatoes on for 15 to 20 minutes. Then, I just tasted a piece of a tomato to see if I had enough of a smoke flavor. I didn’t want it to be super strong, but I wanted to be able to taste it. Once I had it where I wanted it I pureed it in a food processor, and left it to cool. (This doesn’t make a lot of puree, but you’ll be adding more liquid to get it to a soup consistency, so don’t worry. I nearly doubled what I had to start with,)

Next I roughly chopped some onion and tossed it with a little salt, pepper, cumin, corriander, and oregano, and a couple of cloves of garlic and olive oil. This all got roasted under the salamander (broiler) until lightly browned, and tender. Then I pureed it, and let it cool over night.

When I was ready to start the soup I started adding the onion mixture to the tomatoes, and added some lemon juice to brighten it up, and water to get the consistency I was looking for. I added more than I thought I wanted. Oops! So, to balance out the lemon juice I added a little bit of honey. Now, it was too sweet. Salt helped bring things together a bit better, but although it tasted good, it was kind of one dimensional. I started looking for things that would help accent the smoke flavor, and balance out the sweetness a bit more. With the cumin, corriander and oregano I realized that I could go with sort of a Southwestern thing, and grabbed the container of ground ancho chili powder, and the black pepper. Ancho is not hot, but has a nice earthy flavor. Turns out the ancho was EXACTLY what was needed in the soup! I had no idea how much I needed so I added a little and tasted, and added more, until I liked it. This soup was all about tasting. There was no recipe, and no plan. Just a bunch of tasting spoons, a container of soup, and me, playing!IMG_20130717_142551

Sometimes, this is the most fun kind of cooking. Start with something simple, and see what you can do with it. In this case, a very tasty cold soup!

I will often garnish soups, just because it is nice for presentation and if you can make something that goes nicely flavor-wise that is always a good thing. In this case I made a little bit of pico de gallo.

With the hot weather we have been having lately a nice cold soup is a great lunch, or part of your lunch.

Anyway, my point here is we should give ourselves time to really play with our food. We need to eat, but it doesn’t have to be boring, and it should really taste good and be fun to get it on the table! Right?


Cold melon soup with Rosemary

As you’re probably aware the middle of the US is currently in a heat wave… in July we had 15 days over 100F! I’ve been trying to come up with light cold soups for the summer.  I decided to skip Vichyssoise because it just seemed a little heavy with all of the cream and potatoes. I might make it once it cools off a little though. I’ve made gazpacho, and a very nice cold roasted pepper soup.  The other day I decided to make a melon soup. Served chilled it is sweet, light and refreshing. Frequently in soups like this the addition of some herbs will add some complexity to a rather plain, but very tasty soup. I’ve used mint and basil before, but after thinking about a cocktail I had at my brother’s wedding I decided to take a shot with rosemary. (In that case it was lemonade and vodka with a sprig of fresh rosemary, very tasty, and the rosemary balanced the sweetness of the lemonade very nicely.) This soup will be very easy, and also vegan!

The only real equipment you will need is a blender/food processor and a bowl.

2 cantaloupes

3/4 cup water

1/2 cup sugar

juice and zest of one lime

splash of white wine (optional)

sprig fresh rosemary

The first thing you will want to do is combine the water, sugar and lime in a small pot. Bring to a simmer and cook until the sugar has dissolved. Remove from the heat, and set aside.

While the liquid is cooling peel your melons, and cut them into pieces that are small enough to fit into your blender. The easiest way to peel a melon is to cut off the stem end and the blossom end. This will give you flat spots to steady the melon while you peel it. Using your chef’s knife slice down the side of the melon following the curve. You want to make sure you get all of the peel. In this case it is pretty easy to know you have it right when you cut off all of the green.

Once you’ve peeled the melons split them in half. Scoop out the seeds, and then cut the melon into pieces. Place the half of the melon in the blender with some of the water mixture, and puree. You’re going to have to taste this to decide if it is too sweet, or not sweet enough. When you blend the second half  you can adjust the sweetness of the soup by adding more or less of the sugar syrup. Hold a little bit back  just in case you need to adjust.  Transfer the soup to a bowl, and taste it again. (Add the wine now if you are using it, the acid will brighten up the flavors a bit.) Once you have the soup as sweet as you would like you can turn your attention to the rosemary. Set the whole sprig on your cutting board and use the back of a skillet to gently smash it. This will leave it intact, but release more of the oil into the soup. Then simply place the rosemary in the bowl with the soup, and make sure it is submerged. Allow the soup to cool in the fridge and serve in chilled bowls. Maybe top it with a dollop of sour cream for garnish? Eat it just like it is.

This is a very simple soup, but it is very tasty, and very refreshing for a hot summer day.


Carrot and Ginger soup!

There are some flavor combinations that just work. Carrot and ginger are two flavors that really go well together. In this pureed soup, you’ll get the spicy ginger flavor complimenting the sweetness of the carrots. When you add the amazing orange color of this soup to the flavor, this is sure to be a big hit with everyone!

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This is a very easy soup.

vegetable oil

1 medium onion diced

1 stalk celery diced

2 cloves garlic, minced

2″ long piece of ginger minced

1 pound carrots cubed

1/2 pound potatoes cubed (The carrots and potato should be about the same size so they cook evenly)

water, chicken or veggie stock to cover

2 bay leaves

1 pint heavy cream

salt and pepper to taste

pinch nutmeg

In a large pot, heat the vegetable oil.  Put in the onions and celery, sweat until tender, and then add a little salt.  Add the garlic and ginger and sweat until fragrant.  Lastly, add the carrots, potatoes and bay leaves and cover with stock or water.  Bring it up to a boil, and then turn it down to a simmer. Simmer until the carrots and potatoes are tender.
imageWhen the vegetables are tender, remove the bay leaves and discard.  Now puree the soup.  How you do this depends on what you have on hand.  If you have a food processor drain all of the liquid, and puree just the solids.  If you use a blender you will need some of the liquid to make everything go.  The last way would be to run the soup through a food mill, but most people probably don’t have one.

Once you have everything pureed, put it all back in the pot, and return to a boil.  Whisk in the cream, and season with salt, pepper and nutmeg to taste.  If you wanted a vegetarian option you could very easily use coconut milk, or soy milk.


Shrimp and Lentil Chili

Now, from the title I would imagine that there are at least a couple of you looking at the screen, and thinking “WTF??”  This is the kind of thing that I sometimes come up with when I am facing a seemingly random assortment of things on my shelf, and need to come up with a seafood soup for Friday lunch at work.  It isn’t really chili, being short on beef, and having lentils, but  don’t really know what to call it.  It was very tasty (I have been told.), and could have been made gluten-free very easily!

 

This all started with a container of roasted poblano peppers that were sitting on my shelf next to a container of diced tomatoes. I have no idea how much precedence for a soup like this there is, but I’ve used similar things together before, and had great results.

You’ll want to cut down the size of this recipe…  I tend to make large batches of soups.  This one was roughly 4 gallons.

I had eight poblanos that had been roasted, but I had to peel them.  This is easy to do, but it is easier to do when they are still warm from roasting.  If you’ve never roasted a pepper, you’ll be surprised how easy it is.  Simply hold your pepper over the flame on your stove, and when it starts to turn black on the side, turn it. Once the skin is blackened and bubbly all over put it into a sealed container of some kind for about 15 to 20 minutes, and the steam will make it easy to just rub most of the blackened skin right off.  Then pull off the top of the pepper, and scoop any seeds out.  Done.

1 #10 can diced tomatoes, divided in half (At home: 2 14 oz cans of diced tomatoes

8 roasted poblanos (2 peppers)

2 large onions chopped roughly (1 regular sized onion)

1 cup garlic cloves (4-5 cloves)

1 bottle of beer (at work I used a Schlafly Pale Ale, at home I would probably use a Bard’s.)

3 pounds of 26/30* shrimp tail off, deveined and peeled. You could also use smaller shrimp if you want. (1 pound)

1 gallon vegetable stock (1 quart)

4 bay leaves (1 or 2)

To taste:

ground cumin, corriander, and oregano

salt and pepper

honey  (if it is too spicy honey is a great way to balance things out)

 

Once you have your peppers roasted put them in your food processor with the onions, garlic, and half of the tomatoes, and process until smooth.  You’ll have just made a very tasty salsa!  .

Place the salsa in a large pot , and bring it up to a boil.  You’ll want to be careful doing this, between the peppers and tomatoes there is plenty of sugar to burn.  Keep it moving.  Once it is up to a boil, add the shrimp.  I just sort of sautéed the shrimp until they started to cook a bit.  Then I added the beer, the rest of the diced tomatoes, the cumin, coriander, oregano, bay leaves, and the stock.  Bring it up to a boil, and adjust the seasoning with salt and pepper.   If it is too spicy add a bit of honey to balance it out. Let it simmer for a little while, and serve.

This kind of thing is quite easy to make, and tastes great!  Its great if you are abstaining from meat during lent, or are looking for a nice seafood soup that isn’t they typical clam chowder!

 

* When buying shrimp you’ll often see numbers like 26/30 or 21/25, or U10.  These numbers tell you how many shrimp are in a pound.  The U10 means that there are less than 10 shrimp per pound!


Gluten-free Chicken and Wild Rice Soup!

I make a LOT of soup.  Soup is especially great when the weather is less than warm.  Like now, for instance.  There is snow on the ground, although the temperatures are finally above freezing during the day.  Sounds like perfect weather for soup, doesn’t it?  I’ve been kind of avoiding writing about certain kinds of soups.  What I mean is that I haven’t written about soups that are thickened.  There are quite a few ways to thicken soups.  You can use a slurry, a roux, cream can give body, eggs can give body as well(They are a little hard to hold for long though.), and sometimes the ingredients of your soup will cause it to thicken, potato, and bean soups do this fairly well.  What generally gives us trouble is when a soup is thickened with a roux.  Generally, a roux is equal parts flour and butter.  It doesn’t have to be wheat flour though, and in this case we’re going to take advantage of that fact.

What we’re going to be making is called a velouté. That translates as velvety, or smooth on the palate. The velouté is one of the five mother sauces.  In this case it’s not really a sauce so much as the base for our soup.  To make it into a soup we’ll be adding some different flavors, and more ingredients.  When I make this soup I generally go for a Cajun flavor.  I looked for a blackened seasoning, but couldn’t really find one I was comfortable with.  I made my own.  I had everything I needed, although I would have added a few other things if I had them.

2 TBSP paprika

1 TBSP cayenne

1/2 TBSP kosher salt

1 TBSP thyme

1 TBSP black pepper

1/2 TBSP  oregano

I would have added granulated garlic and granulated onion if I had them.  Mix everything well, and set aside.  We’ll get back to it.

Blackened seasoning (see above)

1 4oz package of wild rice (prepared according to the directions)

4 chicken breasts cubed, seasoned lightly with  blackened seasoning, and cooked

1 large onion diced

2 carrots diced

4 celery sticks diced

2 quarts low sodium chicken broth

2 bay leaves

2 quarts water

2 sticks butter

8oz (weight) flour or starch of your choice (I used potato starch)

salt and pepper as needed

Wild rice is not actually rice, but it is gluten-free and very tasty.  Wild rice is actually an aquatic grass. It is also very easy to cook, but takes a little bit of time.   I found a 4oz package of it.  Bring 2 cups of water and 1/4 tsp salt to a boil.  Stir in rice, bring it back to a boil, and then turn down to a simmer.  Simmer for about 45 minutes.  By that time most of the water will be absorbed, and the wild rice will be tender.  Drain any liquid, and cool in the fridge until you’re ready for it.

Next we want to move on to the chicken.  I had four breasts which I cubed into small pieces, tossed with some of the blackened seasoning, and cooked in the oven for about 10 minutes.  Later, I chopped them up a bit so that they would be small enough to fit on a spoon easily.   Set this aside in the fridge as well.

Next up, mirepoix.   You should have 50% onions, and 25% each celery and carrots.  You’ll need about 2 cups total.  Figure one large onion, three or four celery sticks, two or three carrots.  This should all be a nice medium dice.  Having everything exactly the same is not super important, but it helps to be close.  That way you don’t get a piece of raw onion in a bit with nicely cooked onions.  Whenever you’re cooking you should always try to cut things in similar sizes.  Since food is cooking together if your onions are all the same size they will all be about the same doneness.  Again, put all of this in the fridge, and we’ll get to it in a bit.

If you’re wondering, breaking a project down into manageable steps is a big part of getting things done in a restaurant kitchen.  I can have all of these containers on a tray in a cooler, and add things as I do them.  Then if I have to stop I can step away, do what I need to, and come right back to my soup when I have a few minutes.   The wild rice takes the most time to cook, so you can really just set a timer, and walk away to do something else.

Our next step is to get the broth heated up.  Two quarts of chicken stock, and two quarts of water, plus a couple of bay leaves.  In a large pot, and bring it up to a boil.  This will take some time.    You have everything else ready, right?

Now, what we’ve got to do is make our roux.  In this case I used potato starch.   I was expecting the potato starch to thicken more than it did.  I ended up making a slurry of potato starch and water to get the consistency that I was hoping for.  A roux made with wheat flour thickens at a nice one pound per gallon rate.  Other starches, and flours will have different thickening abilities.  You’ll have to play with them a bit.  Generally a starch like potato or corn will thicken more than flour.  Also if you’re using a wheat flour roux the darker the roux the less it will thicken.  You will get more flavor from a darker roux though.  Gluten-free roux will scorch before it will brown, so I wouldn’t try.

Since we’ve got a gallon of liquid on the stove to thicken, and the amount of roux we’re going to be needing is a pound (apparently) start by melting half a pound of butter over medium heat in a large skillet.  Once it is fully melted, add a half pound of your flour or starch(Yes, you should weigh your flour. This goes for you gluten eating folk as well.).  Whisk it into the melted butter. (Do NOT use your non-stick skillet for this.)  You want to keep stirring the roux.  You’re cooking the flour, but don’t want it to burn.  When it is ready it will have a nice nutty smell. At that point season your roux with the blackened seasoning you made earlier.  You’re not trying to make this soup super spicy, just a little.  At work since I can’t taste the soup I go by smell when I season the roux. When I can smell the spices I know I am good.  Remember, you’re going to be putting this into a gallon of liquid with vegetables, rice, and chicken.  Cooking the spices helps the flavors develop, but if you end up a little mild you can adjust, after the fact.  Next, pour in the mirepoix, and sweat the vegetables in the roux.  You’re looking for the onions to start to get tender.  They will simmer for a bit so they don’t have to get fully cooked at this point, but you do want to get them started.  Once the onions are starting to get tender set the roux aside, and let it cool.

Once your liquid comes to a boil scoop a bit of the cooled roux mixture onto your whisk, and mix it in a bit at a time.  As you do you’ll notice that the soup starts to thicken up, and you’ll see that the liquid will cloud up a bit.  If you’re using wheat flour it will look almost creamy, and I would imagine that if I had made my roux from the usual flour blend that I use it would look creamy as well.  Hopefully, you get a nice velvety consistency from your roux. If you decide you would like a little thicker soup (like I did) make a slurry of your starch and water, and whisk that in slowly.  Whisking will prevent lumps of whatever thickener you have decided to use. 

At this point simply add the cooked chicken and the cooked rice to the thickened soup.  Bring it back up to a boil, and turn it down to a simmer.  Taste your soup, and adjust the seasoning with salt and pepper, and maybe a bit more of your blackened seasoning if you want it! Let your soup simmer for about 20 minutes or so. If you want your soup to be a bit richer you could add cream while it simmers. Serve, and enjoy.

The cool part of this soup is that you now have a basis for making lots of other soups.  Shrimp bisque, for example, is only a few adjustments away.  You could even use a velouté asthe basis for making New England Clam Chowder, and I know you’ve missed that one!

Hope you enjoy your soup!


Chicken noodle soup, gluten-free

Amy ended up not feeling very well the other day. I offered to make her some soup. What kind of soup do you want when you are sick? Chicken Noodle, of course.  That of course has a few complications for those of us who are gluten-free.  Opening a can of Campbell’s will not work for us.  To say nothing of the fact that it’s just not that good, no matter what they say!  They have too much sodium, and fat and then of course there is the fact that they contain gluten!

How do we make chicken noodle soup that we can eat?  If you think back to when you ate chicken noodle soup from a can, you’ll recall that its actually pretty simple.  Broth, noodles, vegetables (onions, celery and carrots), chicken, and a few various herbs, and salt.  The problem with soup is that most of the time people think that it is going to take a long time to cook, and be super complicated.  Looking at what is in this soup, you’ll realize that there is really not that much to deal with here.  A couple of little tricks and you’ll be eating the best chicken noodle soup you have ever had!

1 Large onion, medium dice

3 celery sticks, medium dice

3 carrots, medium dice

garlic, minced (depending on how much you like garlic)

2 chicken breasts, cut into bit sized cubes

1 quart chicken broth (Progresso is gluten-free, I use the low sodium)

1 quart water

thyme

bay leaves

salt and pepper

2 oz small pasta, I used Quinoa shells

Once you have everything cut up, you’re ready to go.

The first step is going to be to cook the chicken.  Spray a cookie sheet, and then take your cubed chicken and spread it out on it. pop it into your oven at 350F for about 10 minutes, or until the chicken pieces are cooked through.  Why do this?  Seems like an extra step to you, doesn’t it?  What happens is that when you cook chicken (or pork, or shrimp, or beef) is that some of the liquid comes out, and the protein in the liquid coagulates.  This makes your broth cloudy, and have bits of crap floating around in it.  This doesn’t hurt anything, and it doesn’t taste bad, but it doesn’t look as nice.  (Notice, I did not say blood.  There really isn’t blood left in the meat at the point that we buy it.  Yes, it looks like blood, especially in beef, but it is not.)

Once the chicken is cooked, take it out of the oven, and let it cool.  I like to break up the pieces a little before I add it to the soup.

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Next, start with your veggies.  Heat some vegetable oil in your pot.  Add the carrots, onions, celery and garlic.  Add a bit of salt, and sweat this over medium heat until the onions are translucent.

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Once the veggies are translucent, add the liquids.  Turn up the heat, and add 1 TBSP of thyme, and a couple of bay leaves.  Also, add a TBSP of salt, and some fresh black pepper.   Once this is up to a boil, add the pasta.  The quinoa pasta takes about 8 minutes to cook to al dente, so I set a timer.  In this case I wanted the noodles a little more done, but that doesn’t take much longer.  After a boiling a few minutes I add the chicken into the soup, and bring it back up to a boil.  After about 10 minutes the noodles are cooked, and tender.  Remember to check the seasoning.  You may want a bit more thyme, salt or pepper.  Spoon a little broth into a cup and taste from that rather than from the spoon.  This will allow the broth to cool a bit so you can taste it rather than end up with blisters on the roof of your mouth!  Adjust the seasoning as you need to.

 

If you need to simmer the soup a bit longer it will not be hurt, and the leftovers will taste even better!

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Now that is what I call a bowl of soup!!  Hope this makes you feel better!


Greek lentil soup

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Today my extended family is celebrating Christmas. Which means we’re having a potluck dinner. There won’t be a lot for my sister and I to eat, but that’s ok.  My sister, in addition to having celiac also has to watch her carbohydrate intake, so I decided I would make a pot of lentil soup, because in addition to being highly nutritious, and tasty ends up being something she can eat about as much as she wants to.  I found this in a book that the sous chef brought in to work a while back, and I made it there a few days ago.  It was a hit there, so it should be a hit today as well.    It is called Faki, and it is a fairly traditional Greek lentil soup.

I’m making a pretty good sized batch so you may want to scale down the ingredients a bit.

1 pound onions roughly chopped

1 pound carrots roughly chopped (I like carrots)

several cloves of garlic, minced (how much garlic do you like?)

2 pounds of lentils, sorted for extraneous crap, and rinsed well

2 cans diced tomatoes

4 bay leaves

2 tsp marjoram

1 tsp herbes de provence (I love this stuff, and it goes so well in lots of things)

salt and black pepper

water to cover, and more as needed.

red wine vinegar 1 cup (to taste)

This soup is a very easy one to get together.   Start by sweating the onions and carrots with a dash of salt in a little vegetable oil until the onions are translucent.  Then add the lentils, and mix them in.  Next add the tomatoes, bay leaves, all the herbs,and   water.  Bring it up to a boil, and then turn it down to a simmer.  It will need to simmer for roughly 45 minutes, or until the lentils are tender.

That is it, then about five minutes before you serve the soup, add the vinegar.  You don’t want it to be overpowering, but you do want to taste it.  It will bring a nice balance to the earthiness of the lentils.  Serve with some crumbled feta, and enjoy.

This really is a fantastic soup for a cold day, the omnivores will never miss the meat, and your vegetarian friends will be happy too!

 

Hope everybody had a safe, and happy holiday!